- The purpose of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors (the "Board") of Momenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the "Company") is to assist the Board's oversight of the Company's accounting and financial reporting processes and the audits of the Company's financial statements.
- Number. Except as otherwise permitted by the applicable NASDAQ rules, the Audit Committee shall consist of at least three members of the Board.
- Independence. Except as otherwise permitted by the applicable NASDAQ rules, each member of the Audit Committee shall be independent as defined by such rules, meet the criteria for independence set forth in Rule 10A-3(b)(1) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") (subject to the exemptions provided in Rule 10A-3(c)), and not have participated in the preparation of the financial statements of the Company or any current subsidiary of the Company at any time during the past three years.
- Financial Literacy. Each member of the Audit Committee must be able to read and understand fundamental financial statements, including the Company's balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement, at the time of his or her appointment to the Audit Committee. In addition, at least one member must have past employment experience in finance or accounting, requisite professional certification in accounting, or any other comparable experience or background which results in the individual's financial sophistication, including being or having been a chief executive officer, chief financial officer or other senior officer with financial oversight responsibilities. Unless otherwise determined by the Board (in which case disclosure of such determination shall be made in the Company's annual report filed with the SEC), at least one member of the Audit Committee shall be an "audit committee financial expert" (as defined by applicable SEC rules).
- Chair. Unless the Board elects a Chair of the Audit Committee, the Audit Committee shall elect a Chair by majority vote.
- Compensation. The compensation of Audit Committee members shall be as determined by the Board. No member of the Audit Committee may receive, directly or indirectly, any consulting, advisory or other compensatory fee from the Company or any of its subsidiaries, other than fees paid in his or her capacity as a member of the Board or a committee of the Board.
- Selection and Removal. Members of the Audit Committee shall be appointed by the Board, upon the recommendation of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The Board may remove members of the Audit Committee from such committee, with or without cause.
The Audit Committee shall discharge its responsibilities, and shall assess the information provided by the Company's management and the Company's independent registered public accounting firm (the "independent auditor"), in accordance with its business judgment. Management is responsible for the preparation, presentation, and integrity of the Company's financial statements, for the appropriateness of the accounting principles and reporting policies that are used by the Company and for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The independent auditor is responsible for auditing the Company's financial statements and the Company's internal control over financial reporting and for reviewing the Company's unaudited interim financial statements. The authority and responsibilities set forth in this Charter do not reflect or create any duty or obligation of the Audit Committee to plan or conduct any audit, to determine or certify that the Company's financial statements are complete, accurate, fairly presented, or in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or applicable law, or to guarantee the independent auditor's reports.
Oversight of Independent Auditor
- Selection. The Audit Committee shall be solely and directly responsible for appointing, evaluating, retaining and, when necessary, terminating the engagement of the independent auditor. The Audit Committee may, in its discretion, seek stockholder ratification of the independent auditor it appoints.
- Independence. The Audit Committee shall take, or recommend that the full Board take, appropriate action to oversee the independence of the independent auditor. In connection with this responsibility, the Audit Committee shall obtain and review the written disclosures and the letter from the independent auditor required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the "PCAOB") regarding the independent auditor's communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence. The Audit Committee shall actively engage in dialogue with the independent auditor concerning any disclosed relationships or services that might impact the objectivity and independence of the auditor, and confirm the regular rotation of the lead audit partner and reviewing partner as required by Section 203 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
- Compensation. The Audit Committee shall have sole and direct responsibility for setting the compensation of the independent auditor. The Audit Committee is empowered, without further action by the Board, to cause the Company to pay the compensation of the independent auditor established by the Audit Committee.
- Preapproval of Services. The Audit Committee shall preapprove all audit services to be provided to the Company, whether provided by the principal auditor or other firms, and all other services (review, attest and non-audit) to be provided to the Company by the independent auditor; provided, however, that preapproval of non-audit services will not be required if such services fall within available exceptions in accordance with applicable SEC rules. Committee preapproval of audit and non-audit services will not be required if the engagement is entered into pursuant to preapproval policies and procedures established by the Audit Committee, provided the policies and procedures are detailed as to the particular service, the Audit Committee is informed of each service provided and such policies and procedures do not include delegation of the Audit Committee's responsibilities under the Exchange Act to the Company's management.
Oversight. The independent auditor shall report directly to the Audit Committee, and the Audit Committee shall have sole and direct responsibility for overseeing the work of the independent auditor, including resolution of disagreements between Company management and the independent auditor regarding financial reporting. In connection with its oversight role, the Audit Committee shall, from time to time as appropriate, receive and consider the reports required to be made by the independent auditor regarding:
- annual audit scope and plan, including any significant changes required in the plan during the course of the audit;
- critical accounting policies and practices;
- alternative treatments within generally accepted accounting principles for policies and practices related to material items that have been discussed with Company management, including ramifications of the use of such alternative disclosures and treatments, the treatment preferred by the independent auditor and the independent auditor's views about the quality, not just the acceptability of such treatments; and
- other material written communications between the independent auditor and Company management.
In connection with its oversight role, the Audit Committee should also review with the independent auditors, from time to time as appropriate:
- significant risks and uncertainties with respect to the quality, accuracy or fairness of presentation of the Company's financial statements;
- recently disclosed problems with respect to the quality, accuracy or fairness of presentation of the financial statements of companies similarly situated to the Company and recommended actions which might be taken to prevent or mitigate the risk of problems at the Company arising from such matters;
- any accounting adjustments that were noted or proposed by the auditor but were "passed" (as immaterial or otherwise);
- any communications between the audit team and the audit firm's national office respecting auditing or accounting issues presented by the engagement;
- any "management" or "internal control" letter issued, or proposed to be issued, by the audit firm to the Company and management responses thereto (focus should include adequacy of the Company's controls, including computer systems controls and security);
- accounting for unusual transactions;
- adjustments arising from audits that could have a significant impact on the Company's financial reporting process;
- any recent SEC comments on the Company's SEC reports, including in particular any unresolved or future-compliance comments; and
- effects of any accounting initiatives as well as off balance sheet structures, if any.
Audited Financial Statements
- Review and Discussion. The Audit Committee shall review and discuss with the Company's management and independent auditor the Company's audited financial statements, including the matters about which the applicable rules of the PCAOB require discussion.
- Recommendation to Board Regarding Financial Statements. The Audit Committee shall consider whether it will recommend to the Board that the Company's audited financial statements be included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K.
- Audit Committee Report. The Audit Committee shall prepare an annual committee report for inclusion where necessary in the proxy statement of the Company relating to its annual meeting of security holders. Review of Other Financial Disclosures
- Independent Auditor Review of Interim Financial Statements. The Audit Committee shall direct the independent auditor to use its best efforts to perform all reviews of interim financial information prior to disclosure by the Company of such information and to discuss promptly with the Audit Committee and the Chief Financial Officer any matters identified in connection with the auditor's review of interim financial information which are required to be discussed by applicable auditing standards. The Audit Committee shall direct management to advise the Audit Committee in the event that the Company proposes to disclose interim financial information prior to completion of the independent auditor's review of interim financial information.
- Earnings Release, Quarterly Financial Statements and Other Financial Information. The Audit Committee shall discuss with the Company's management (i) generally the type and presentation of information to be disclosed in the Company's earnings press releases, as well as financial information and earnings guidance provided to analysts, rating agencies and others and (ii) the Company's quarterly financial statements, including the Company's disclosures under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."
Controls and Procedures
- Oversight. The Audit Committee shall coordinate the Board's oversight of the Company's internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures. The Audit Committee shall receive and review the reports of the CEO and CFO required by Rule 13a-14 of the Exchange Act.
- Procedures for Complaints. The Audit Committee shall establish procedures for (i) the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters; and (ii) the confidential, anonymous submission by employees of the Company of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters. The Audit Committee shall periodically review the complaint procedures to confirm that they are effectively operating.
- Related Person Transaction Policies and Procedures. The Audit Committee shall review the Company's policies and procedures for reviewing and approving or ratifying "related person transactions" (defined as transactions required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K ), including the Company's Related Person Transaction Policy, and recommend any changes to the Board.
- Review of Related Person Transactions. The Audit Committee shall review all related person transactions for potential conflict of interest situations on an ongoing basis in accordance with the Company's Related Person Transaction Policy, and all such transactions shall be approved or ratified by the Audit Committee.
- Officers' Expense Accounts. The Audit Committee shall review with management the policies and procedures with respect to officer expense accounts and perquisites, including their use of corporate assets.
- Evaluation of Financial Management. The Audit Committee shall coordinate with the Compensation Committee the evaluation of the Company's financial management personnel.
- Risks and Exposures. The Audit Committee shall inquire of management about significant risks or exposures facing the Company, assess the steps management has taken or proposes to take to minimize such risks to the Company and periodically review compliance with such steps.
- Legal and Regulatory Matters. The Audit Committee shall review with the general counsel or outside counsel, legal and regulatory matters that, in the opinion of management, may have a material impact on the financial statements, related compliance policies, and programs and reports received from regulators.
- Additional Powers. The Audit Committee shall have such other duties as may be assigned by law, the Company's by-laws or as may be delegated from time to time by the Board.
- Meetings. The Audit Committee shall meet as often as it deems necessary in order to perform its responsibilities. The Audit Committee may also act by unanimous written consent in lieu of a meeting. The Audit Committee shall periodically meet separately with: (i) the independent auditor; (ii) the Company management, including inquiry with the CEO and CFO regarding the "quality of earnings" of the Company from a subjective as well as an objective standpoint; (iii) the Company's internal auditors, if any, and (iv) general or outside counsel. The Audit Committee shall keep such records of its meetings as it shall deem appropriate.
- Subcommittees. The Audit Committee may form and delegate authority to one or more subcommittees (including a subcommittee consisting of a single member), as it deems appropriate from time to time under the circumstances. Any decision of a subcommittee to preapprove audit, review, attest or non-audit services shall be presented to the full Audit Committee at its next scheduled meeting.
- Reports to Board. The Audit Committee shall report regularly to the Board.
- Charter. At least annually, the Audit Committee shall review and reassess the adequacy of this Charter and recommend any proposed changes to the Board for approval, including any changes necessary as a result of new laws or regulations.
- Independent Advisors. The Audit Committee is authorized, without further action by the Board, to engage such independent legal, accounting, auditors other than the principal auditors and other advisors as it deems necessary or appropriate to carry out its responsibilities. Such independent advisors may be the regular advisors to the Company. The Audit Committee is empowered, without further action by the Board, to cause the Company to pay the compensation of such advisors as established by the Audit Committee.
- Investigations. The Audit Committee shall have the authority to conduct or authorize investigations into any matters within the scope of its responsibilities as it shall deem appropriate, including the authority to request any officer, employee or advisor of the Company to meet with the Audit Committee or any advisors engaged by the Audit Committee.
- Funding. The Audit Committee is empowered, without further action by the Board, to cause the Company to pay the ordinary administrative expenses of the Audit Committee that are necessary or appropriate in carrying out its duties.
- Self Assessment. The Audit Committee shall, at least annually, conduct a self assessment to review the Committee's effectiveness.
Approved by the Board of Directors on [____], 2013
- Financial Expert
- Independent Director